Occupational Therapist does appropriate assessment, provisional diagnosis & treatment. They use screening tools & standardize assessment to know the underline causes of problems and abnormal behaviour. They support families and their kids to resolve sensory issues by Sensory Integration Therapy (SIT), Physical developmental issues by Neuro-developmental Therapy (NDT), issues related with Activity of Daily Living (ADL) like toileting, feeding, tooth brushing, dressing training by ADL Training using TOP-DOWN/BOTTOM-UP Approach, Cognitive- perceptual issues by Cognitive- Perceptual Training & issues of abnormal behaviour & social communication by Social Skill Training. Now a days new techniques are being used in Occupational Therapy like Autism movement therapy, Son rising program, Brain gym exercises, Art & music therapy, Theory of mind Games, ABA, ABC, CBT, Behavioural modification technique and Therapeutic listening are common, which is very much useful in controlling abnormal behaviour in children with special needs.
Primary occupation of a child is play. Through play, children learn the foundation skills necessary for success in school, among peers, and in activities of daily living. Occupational therapists assess, utilize and adapt everyday activities to improve function, enhance performance, promote health, and increase independence in children. Occupational Therapist identifies areas of need and develops creative solutions to address these areas while respecting kid’s background and culture giving value to their quality of life.
Areas of Occupational Therapy
Occupational therapy treatment becomes necessary when several areas of performance are affected. If a child shows problems or difficulties in any one or more of the following areas, it is essential for the parent to consult an occupational therapist for evaluation:
Assessment & Intervention
Occupational therapist evaluates a child’s skill for playing, performance at school and daily activities and compares them with what is developmentally appropriate for the age group.
The evaluation assesses a child’s gross motor skills, fine motor skills, visual motor skills, handwriting skills, daily living skills, oral motor skills and sensory processing skills. The occupational therapists use standardized assessment tools, non-standardized assessment tools, parent interview and clinical observations to assess the child’s performance.
Who will benefit from Occupational Therapy?
Children with the following medical problems may benefit from Occupational Therapy:
and many more clinical conditions which can be benefited from us.